31 January 1995 (A/49/842, S/1995/95)

Letter from Dr. Nasser Al-Kidwa, Permanent Observer of Palestine to the U.N., to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the President of the Security Council: (Settlements) 

I have been instructed to bring the following to your attention.

Pursuant to my letter to Your Excellency, dated 9 January 1995, on the illegal Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory since 1967, including Jerusalem, I would like to refer to the decision announced by the Israeli Cabinet Committee on this subject. After a period of unclear and confusing statements by high level Israeli officials, the Cabinet Committee decided, on 24 January 1995, to approve the following:

  • The building of 1080 housing units in the Maale Adumium settlement east of Jerusalem.
  • The sale of 797 housing units in Maale Adumium to Israelis.
  • The building of 900 housing units in the Bitar settlement south of Jerusalem.
  • The sale of 1026 housing units in the Bitar settlement to Israelis.
  • The building of 340 housing units in Givat Zeev north of Jerusalem.
  • The building of 50 housing units in Jordan valley settlements.

It should be noted that the Israeli decision comes at a time when the implementation of the second stage of the Declaration of Principles, of 13 September 1993, has been delayed for six months, including the redeployment of the Israeli forces outside populated areas in the West Bank and the election of the Palestinian Council. This decision clearly further undermines the current peace process and exacerbates the already fragile, tense and dangerous atmosphere in the occupied territory.

It is well known that the Israeli settlements are illegal under the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, which is applicable to all the occupied territory since 1967, including Jerusalem. The Security Council has repeatedly reaffirmed this fact in several resolutions. Moreover, settlements are a very serious obstacle to peace, and the continuity of settlement activity violates the letter and spirit of the agreements reached between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization and threatens the integrity of the peace process at this critical stage.

Based on the above, we believe that it is imperative for the Security Council to take quick and concrete action to bring an effective end to all settlement activities by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem. Such a step would have a positive impact on the situation on the ground and would be a necessary and important contribution to the smooth proceeding and success of the peace process.