Bethlehem 2000 to be put on U.N. Agenda
As noted briefly in the May 1998 issue of Palestine & The UN, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People decided to authorize its Chairman and the members of its Bureau to request the inclusion of a new item, "Bethlehem 2000", in the agenda of the 53rd session of the General Assembly. Accordingly, on 15 May 1998, a formal request for the additional agenda item was signed by the members of the Bureau, Ambassador Ibra Deguene Ka of Senegal, Ambassador Ravan Farhadi of Afghanistan, Ambassador Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla of Cuba, and Ambassador George Saliba of Malta. It was also requested that the item be considered directly in the plenary of the General Assembly, without referral to a Main Committee, due to the special significance and relevance of the issue. The request was accompanied by an explanatory memorandum, describing the importance of the Bethlehem 2000 commemoration for all humankind and the need for the United Nations to address this issue in a comprehensive manner through the General Assembly. The text of that explanatory memorandum, which was circulated to all Member States as an official document of the United Nations (A/53/141), reads as follows:
Bethlehem, Palestine is one of the most historic and religiously significant sites on earth. In the year 2000, the past and the future will meet in Bethlehem in a global vision of hope and peace for all peoples. On that occasion, the world will celebrate the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Jesus Christ and the onset of the new millennium.
This event is of monumental importance not only for the Palestinian people and for the region, but also for the believers of the world and for the international community as a whole. The occasions worldwide significance also reflects a multidimensional character as it comprises of a significant religious, historical and cultural dimension, as well as a contemporary dimension, marking the end of the 2nd millennium and the beginning of the 3rd millennium for humankind.
As members of the Bureau of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, we fully support the decision of the Palestinian National Authority to honor this legacy and to celebrate the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Jesus Christ and the dawning of the new millennium by launching the Bethlehem 2000 Project. It is envisaged that the commemoration, which will be a vast and multi-faceted undertaking, will begin at Christmas 1999 and conclude at Easter 2001. A High Committee for the Bethlehem 2000 Project has been established, headed by President Yasser Arafat, with many religious authorities, individuals and institutions from around the world directly engaged in the planning and preparation.
A major step towards increasing the engagement and participation of the international community in the above-mentioned project is the Bethlehem 2000 Participants Conference, held at Brussels on 11 and 12 May 1998. The Conference was convened by the Bethlehem 2000 Project, in association with the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Bank. The Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People also attended this important event. The Conference will aim to provide an opportunity for decision makers from governments, intergovernmental organizations, the private sector, the international financial community, religious and cultural institutions and the media to participate towards the success of the Bethlehem 2000 Project through financial contributions, investment, expertise and promotion of international awareness.
It is expected that approximately 2 million visitors will visit Bethlehem to celebrate the historic occasion that will be upon us with the dawning of the year 2000. To meet this huge undertaking, the Bethlehem 2000 Project envisages the following six program components:
Events: Religious, cultural and artistic celebrations, on the national and international level;
Infrastructure: Plans to rehabilitate and upgrade the infrastructure network, including water, electricity, sewage and sanitation, and traffic and transportation;
Services: Plans to rehabilitate and upgrade basic services, including social and cultural, health and medical, police and security, emergency and civil defense, and traffic control and logistics services;
Cultural Heritage: Plans to preserve and display the rich Palestinian past and history through a variety of exhibits, displays and events;
Tourism Development: Plans to provide all necessary tourism services;
Private Sector Development: Encouragement of international investors to join with local investors and developers to provide accommodation, food, entertainment and information services.
Bethlehem 2000 will be a historical and momentous international event, requiring a high degree of engagement by the international community in organizing and preparing for the occasion, including financial and technical contributions to the preparation and actual participation in the commemorative events and activities.
As indicated above, some United Nations subsidiary bodies and intergovernmental organizations have already begun contributing to the project. However, it is essential that the United Nations as a whole should display explicit interest in, and support for, this historical occasion, drawing the attention of the peoples of the world to its importance and assisting in making the event a moment for hope, peace, coexistence and prosperity for all humankind.
In view of all of the above, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People has decided to authorize its Chairman and the members of its Bureau to request the inclusion of a new item, entitled "Bethlehem 2000", in the provisional agenda of the 53rd session of the General Assembly. It is the strong hope of the Committee that a constructive debate will take place in the interest of the specified objectives and that wide consultation will pave the way for the unanimous adoption of a General Assembly resolution in this regard.