Palestine & The U.N. in Retrospect

The Sixties

(Part 3 of 6)

  • The Security Council, on 11 April 1961, adopts resolution 162 (1961), urging Israel to comply with the decision of the Mixed Armistice Commission, considering that the military parade, contemplated for 20 April 1961 in the Israel-occupied part of Jerusalem, is a breach of the Armistice Agreement.
  • The General Assembly, on 21 April 1961, directing the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine to report on the repatriation of the refugees.
  • On 20 December 1961, the General Assembly adopts resolution 1725 (XVI), requesting the Commission to intensify its work on the identification and valuation of Arab refugee immovable properties in Palestine as of 15 May 1948. The Commission completes its identification and valuation program in May 1964, estimating the global value of Arab property lost by Palestinian refugees to be 120 million pounds Sterling (1947 value).
  • The General Assembly decides, on 20 December 1962, to extend the mandate of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) until 30 June 1965. On 15 December 1965, it further extends UNRWA’s mandate until June 1969, and calls on the Conciliation Commission for Palestine to report on the repatriation of the refugees.
  • The Security Council, on 25 November 1966, censures the Israeli military action in the southern Hebron area (Al-Samu') on 13 November 1966, deplores the loss of life and heavy damage to property as a result of the Israeli action, and emphasizes that it will consider further and more effective steps to ensure against the repetition of such acts.
  • On June 5 1967, war breaks out in the Middle East engulfing Israel, Egypt, Syria and Jordan. After six days, Israel occupies large areas of Arab territory including the Gaza Strip, the West Bank including East Jerusalem, the Sinai and the Golan Heights. The Security Council, from 6 to 12, June passes a series of four resolutions calling for a cease-fire.
  • On 14 June 1967, the Security Council adopts resolution 237 (1967), calling on Israel to respect human rights in areas affected by the 1967 Middle East conflict and to facilitate the return of those inhabitants who fled the areas since the outbreak of hostilities, and calls for compliance by the parties with all the obligations of the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949.
  • The General Assembly convenes in its Fifth Emergency Special Session to consider the situation in the aftermath of the latest Middle East crisis. On 4 July 1967, the Assembly reaffirms that human rights should be respected in areas affected by the 1967 Middle East conflict and that Israel should ensure the safety, welfare and security of its inhabitants. In another resolution, 2253 (ES-V), it "calls upon Israel to rescind all measures already taken and to desist forthwith from taking any action which would alter the status of Jerusalem."
  • On 14 July 1967, the Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly adopts resolution 2254 (ES-V), deploring measures taken by Israel to change the status of Jerusalem.
  • The Security Council, on 22 November 1967, adopts resolution 242 (1967), stating the principles of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East, including the following: "the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war;" "withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from the territories occupied in the recent conflict;" "termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries, free from any threats or acts of force;" "achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem."
  • On 21 March 1968, Israeli forces attack a Palestinian base belonging to Fatah in the village of Al-Karameh in Jordan, engaging in battle with Palestinian fighters for the first time. On 24 March 1968, the Security Council adopts resolution 248 (1968) condemning the large scale and premeditated military actions by Israel against Jordan.
  • The Security Council, on 27 April 1968, adopts resolution 250 (1968) calling once again on Israel to refrain from holding a military parade in Jerusalem and, on 2 May 1968, the Security Council adopts resolution 248 (1968) deeply deploring the Israeli military parade in Jerusalem.
  • On 21 May 1968, in resolution 252 (1968), the Security Council calls upon Israel to rescind all measures already taken and to desist from taking any further action which tends to change the status of Jerusalem.
  • On 19 December 1968, the General Assembly adopts resolution 2443 (XXIII) establishing a Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories.
  • Also on 19 December 1968, the General Assembly calls upon Israel to take immediate steps for the return of those who fled from the territories occupied since 1967, and extends the mandate of UNRWA until 30 June 1972.
  • The Security Council, in resolution 267 of 3 July 1969, deplores Israel’s failure to respect the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council and urgently calls upon Israel to rescind all measures to change the status of Jerusalem
  • The Security Council adopts resolution 271 (1969) on 15 September 1969, noting the universal outrage at the desecration of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and recognizing that any act of destruction or profanation of the holy places in Jerusalem or any encouragement of, or connivance at, any such act may seriously endanger international peace and security, and calls upon Israel to rescind all measures to change the status of Jerusalem.
  • On 10 December 1969, in resolution 2535 (XXIV), the General Assembly regrets the failure to implement repatriation or compensation for Palestine refugees, reaffirms the inalienable rights of the people of Palestine, and draws the attention of the Security Council to Israeli policies in the occupied territories.
  • On 11 December 1969, the General Assembly condemns the violations of human rights in the occupied territories and calls upon Israel to desist from repressive practices.