Palestine & The U.N. in
(Part 3 of 6)
- The Security Council, on 11 April 1961, adopts resolution 162 (1961), urging Israel to
comply with the decision of the Mixed Armistice Commission, considering that the military
parade, contemplated for 20 April 1961 in the Israel-occupied part of Jerusalem, is a
breach of the Armistice Agreement.
- The General Assembly, on 21 April 1961, directing the United Nations Conciliation
Commission for Palestine to report on the repatriation of the refugees.
- On 20 December 1961, the General Assembly adopts resolution 1725 (XVI), requesting the
Commission to intensify its work on the identification and valuation of Arab refugee
immovable properties in Palestine as of 15 May 1948. The Commission completes its
identification and valuation program in May 1964, estimating the global value of Arab
property lost by Palestinian refugees to be 120 million pounds Sterling (1947 value).
- The General Assembly decides, on 20 December 1962, to extend the mandate of the United
Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) until 30 June 1965. On 15
December 1965, it further extends UNRWAs mandate until June 1969, and calls on the
Conciliation Commission for Palestine to report on the repatriation of the refugees.
- The Security Council, on 25 November 1966, censures the Israeli military action in the
southern Hebron area (Al-Samu') on 13 November 1966, deplores the loss of life and heavy
damage to property as a result of the Israeli action, and emphasizes that it will consider
further and more effective steps to ensure against the repetition of such acts.
- On June 5 1967, war breaks out in the Middle East engulfing Israel, Egypt, Syria and
Jordan. After six days, Israel occupies large areas of Arab territory including the Gaza
Strip, the West Bank including East Jerusalem, the Sinai and the Golan Heights. The
Security Council, from 6 to 12, June passes a series of four resolutions calling for a
- On 14 June 1967, the Security Council adopts resolution 237 (1967), calling on Israel to
respect human rights in areas affected by the 1967 Middle East conflict and to facilitate
the return of those inhabitants who fled the areas since the outbreak of hostilities, and
calls for compliance by the parties with all the obligations of the Geneva Convention of
12 August 1949.
- The General Assembly convenes in its Fifth Emergency Special Session to consider the
situation in the aftermath of the latest Middle East crisis. On 4 July 1967, the Assembly
reaffirms that human rights should be respected in areas affected by the 1967 Middle East
conflict and that Israel should ensure the safety, welfare and security of its
inhabitants. In another resolution, 2253 (ES-V), it "calls upon Israel to rescind all
measures already taken and to desist forthwith from taking any action which would alter
the status of Jerusalem."
- On 14 July 1967, the Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly adopts resolution
2254 (ES-V), deploring measures taken by Israel to change the status of Jerusalem.
- The Security Council, on 22 November 1967, adopts resolution 242 (1967), stating the
principles of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East, including the following: "the
inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war;" "withdrawal of Israeli
armed forces from the territories occupied in the recent conflict;" "termination
of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the
sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the area
and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries, free from any
threats or acts of force;" "achieving a just settlement of the refugee
- On 21 March 1968, Israeli forces attack a Palestinian base belonging to Fatah in
the village of Al-Karameh in Jordan, engaging in battle with Palestinian fighters for the
first time. On 24 March 1968, the Security Council adopts resolution 248 (1968) condemning
the large scale and premeditated military actions by Israel against Jordan.
- The Security Council, on 27 April 1968, adopts resolution 250 (1968) calling once again
on Israel to refrain from holding a military parade in Jerusalem and, on 2 May 1968, the
Security Council adopts resolution 248 (1968) deeply deploring the Israeli military parade
- On 21 May 1968, in resolution 252 (1968), the Security Council calls upon Israel to
rescind all measures already taken and to desist from taking any further action which
tends to change the status of Jerusalem.
- On 19 December 1968, the General Assembly adopts resolution 2443 (XXIII) establishing a
Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Population of the Occupied Territories.
- Also on 19 December 1968, the General Assembly calls upon Israel to take immediate steps
for the return of those who fled from the territories occupied since 1967, and extends the
mandate of UNRWA until 30 June 1972.
- The Security Council, in resolution 267 of 3 July 1969, deplores Israels failure
to respect the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council and urgently
calls upon Israel to rescind all measures to change the status of Jerusalem
- The Security Council adopts resolution 271 (1969) on 15 September 1969, noting the
universal outrage at the desecration of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and recognizing that any act of
destruction or profanation of the holy places in Jerusalem or any encouragement of, or
connivance at, any such act may seriously endanger international peace and security, and
calls upon Israel to rescind all measures to change the status of Jerusalem.
- On 10 December 1969, in resolution 2535 (XXIV), the General Assembly regrets the failure
to implement repatriation or compensation for Palestine refugees, reaffirms the
inalienable rights of the people of Palestine, and draws the attention of the Security
Council to Israeli policies in the occupied territories.
- On 11 December 1969, the General Assembly condemns the violations of human rights in the
occupied territories and calls upon Israel to desist from repressive practices.