Summary of Security Council Resolutions on Palestine since 1948
The following consists of summary compilations of Security Council resolutions, adopted since 1948 that deal with the Palestine question; the situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, since 1967; illegal Israeli practices; Israeli attacks against Palestinian targets, including the invasion of Lebanon of 1982; and attempts and principles for the achievement of peace in the Middle East.
The compilation does not include resolutions dealing with other important aspects of the Arab-Israeli conflict such as lack of compliance with the Armistice Agreements of 1949; several Israeli attacks against Arab targets, including Gaza (Egyptian Army), Lake Tiberias, Holah, Beirut Airport and other parts of Lebanon; the establishment of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) and the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF), as well as the extension of their mandates along with the extension of the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Southern Lebanon (UNIFIL); and the situation in other occupied Arab territories such as the Syrian Golan. For the full text of the resolutions, please visit the site of the United Nations Information System on Palestine (UNISPAL) at (address).
Calls on all permanent members of the Council to make recommendations regarding guidance and instructions to be given to the Palestine Commission with a view to implementing General Assembly resolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947; and appeals to all governments and peoples, particularly in and around Palestine, to take all possible action to prevent or reduce such disorders as are occurring in Palestine.
2. SC Resolution 43 (1948) of 1 April 1948 [Adopted at 277th meeting - unanimously]
Notes the increasing violence and disorder in Palestine and believes that it is of the utmost urgency that an immediate truce be effected in Palestine; calls upon the Jewish Agency for Palestine and the Arab Higher Committee to make available representatives to the Security Council for the purpose of arranging a truce; and calls upon Arab and Jewish armed groups in Palestine to cease acts of violence immediately.
Requests the Secretary-General, in accordance with Article 20 of the United Nations Charter, to convoke a special session of the General Assembly to consider further the future government of Palestine.
Calls upon all persons and organizations in Palestine to immediately cease all military activities, as well as acts of violence, terrorism and sabotage; to refrain from any political activity which might prejudice the rights, claims or positions of either community; to refrain from any action endangering the safety of the Holy Places in Palestine and from any action which would interfere with access to all shrines and sanctuaries. Requests the Government of the U.K., as the Mandatory Power, to supervise the execution of these measures and to keep the Security Council and the General Assembly informed on the situation in Palestine; and calls upon all governments, particularly those neighboring Palestine, to assist in the prevention of entry into Palestine of armed bands, fighting groups and individuals and weapons and war materials.
Establishes a Truce Commission for Palestine to assist the Security Council in supervising the implementation by the parties of resolution 46 (1948).
Calls for abstention from any hostile military action in Palestine; calls upon the Truce Commission and upon all parties concerned to give the highest priority to the negotiation and maintenance of a truce in the City of Jerusalem; and calls upon the parties to facilitate the task of the U.N. Mediator for Palestine.
Calls for a cessation of all military activities for four weeks; urges all governments and authorities concerned to take every possible precaution for the protection of the Holy Places and the City of Jerusalem; instructs the U.N. Mediator for Palestine in concert with the Truce Commission to supervise the observance of these provisions; and decides that they should be provided with a sufficient number of military observers. Decides that if the resolution is rejected by either party or both, the situation in Palestine will be considered with a view to action under Chapter 7 of the Charter of the U.N.
Addresses an urgent appeal to the parties to accept the prolongation of the truce for such period as maybe decided in consultation with the Mediator.
Determines that the situation in Palestine constitutes a threat to the peace within the meaning of Article 39 of the Charter of the U.N.; orders all governments and concerned authorities to desist from further military action; declares that failure to do so would lead to further action under Chapter 7; orders as a matter of urgent necessity an immediate and unconditional cease-fire in Jerusalem; and instructs Mediator to continue efforts towards the demilitarization of Jerusalem.
11. SC Resolution 57 (1948) of 18 September 1948 [Adopted at 358th meeting-unanimously]
Expresses deep shock at the assassination of the U.N. Mediator in Palestine, Count Folke Bernadotte, in Jerusalem by a criminal group of terrorists.
12. SC Resolution 59 (1948) of 19 October 1948 [Adopted at 367th meeting -unanimously]
Notes with concern that the Provisional Government of Israel has submitted no report to the Security Council or to the Acting Mediator regarding the progress of the investigation into the assassination of Count Bernadotte. Requests that government to submit at an early date an account of progress made in the investigation and to indicate the measures taken with regard to negligence on the part of officials or other factors affecting the crime; and determines that governments and authorities have the duty to cooperate fully with Truce Supervision personnel in their investigations of breaches of the truce.
13. SC Resolution 60 (1948) of 29 October 1948 [Adopted at 375th meeting (without a vote)]
Resolves to establish a subcommittee, consisting of the representatives of the U.K., China, France, Belgium and the Ukrainian S.S.R. to consider all amendments and revisions to the second revised draft resolution on the statute of Jerusalem.
Calls for the withdrawal of forces and for the establishment, through negotiations, of permanent truce lines and such neutral or demilitarized zones in order to ensure full observance of the truce; and appoints a committee of the Council to advise the Acting Mediator.
Decides that, in order to eliminate the threat to the peace in Palestine and to facilitate the transition from the present truce to permanent peace in Palestine, an armistice shall be established in all sectors of Palestine.
Calls upon the governments concerned to order an immediate cease-fire and to implement without further delay resolution 61 (1948) of the Council and to allow the complete supervision of the truce by the U.N. observers.
Recommends to the General Assembly that it admit Israel to membership in the United Nations.
18. SC Resolution 72 (1949) of 11 August 1949 [Adopted at 437th meeting (without vote)]
Pays tribute to the late Count Bernadotte and expresses deep appreciation for the achievement of the Acting U.N. Mediator in Palestine, Dr. Ralph J. Bunche.
Expresses the hope that the governments and authorities concerned will at an early date achieve agreement on final settlement of all outstanding questions between them; finds that the Armistice Agreements constitute an important step towards peace in Palestine; decides that the Acting Mediator is relieved of any further responsibilities under the Security Council resolutions; and arranges for the U.N. Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) to assist in the supervision of the Armistice Agreements.
The Council (a) finds that the retaliatory action at Qibya (Jordan) taken by the armed force of Israel on 14-15 October 1953 and all such actions constitute a violation of the cease-fire provisions of Security Council resolution 54 (1948) and are inconsistent with the parties obligations under the General Armistice Agreement between Israel and Jordan and the Charter of the U.N.; and expresses the strongest censure of that action; (b) recalls to the Governments of Israel and Jordan their obligations under Security Council resolutions and the General Armistice Agreement to prevent all acts of violence on either side of the demarcation line; and (c) reaffirms that it is essential, in order to achieve progress by peaceful means towards a lasting settlement of the issues outstanding between them, that the parties abide by their obligations under the General Armistice Agreement and the resolutions of the Security Council; and requests the Secretary-General to consider, with the Chief of Staff, the best ways of strengthening UNTSO.
Requests the Israel-Egyptian Mixed Armistice Commission to give urgent attention to the Egyptian complaint of the expulsion of thousands of Palestinian Arabs by Israel; calls upon both parties to give effect to any finding regarding the repatriation of any such Arabs who in the Commissions opinion are entitled to return; and calls upon the governments concerned to take in the future no action involving the transfer of persons across international frontiers or armistice lines without prior consultation through the Mixed Armistice Commission.
Taking into account that the lack of unanimity among the permanent members of the Council has prevented it from exercising its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, decides to call for an emergency special session of the General Assembly, as provided in General Assembly resolution 377 A (V) of 3 November 1950, in order to make appropriate recommendations. (The resolution was adopted following the aggression against Egypt by the U.K., France and Israel.)
23. SC Resolution 127 (1958) of 22 January 1958 [Adopted at 810th meeting unanimously]
Recalling its consideration of the complaint of Jordan concerning activities conducted by Israel in the zone between the armistice demarcation lines in the area of Government House in Jerusalem and noting that the status of the zone is affected by the provisions of the Israel-Jordan General Armistice Agreements and that neither Israel nor Jordan enjoys sovereignty over any part of the zone, directs the Chief of Staff of UNTSO in Palestine to regulate activities in the zone.
Endorses the decision of the Mixed Armistice Commission of 20 March 1961, relating to the military parade contemplated for 20 April 1961 in the Israeli-occupied part of Jerusalem, and urges Israel to comply with this decision. (The decision of the Commission was to call upon Israel to refrain from holding this parade.)
Concerning the grave Israeli military action which took place in Southern Hebron (Al-Samu) on 13 November 1966, deplores the loss of life and heavy damage to property resulting from the military action of the Government of Israel; censures Israel for this large scale military action in violation of the U.N. Charter and of the General Armistice Agreement between Israel and Jordan; and emphasizes that the Council will have to consider further and more effective steps as envisaged by the Charter to ensure against the repetition of such acts.
26. SC Resolution 233 (1967) of 6 June 1967 [Adopted at 1348th meeting - unanimously]
Concerned at the outbreak of fighting and the menacing situation in the Near East, calls for an immediate cease-fire and cessation of all military activities in the area; and requests the Secretary-General to keep the Council informed on the situation.
27. SC Resolution 234 (1967) of 7 June 1967 [Adopted at 1350th meeting - unanimously]
Noting that military activities in the Near East continue, demands a cease-fire.
28. SC Resolution 237 (1967) of 14 June 1967 [Adopted at 1361st meeting - unanimously]
Calls upon the Government of Israel to ensure the safety, welfare and security of the inhabitants of the areas where military operations have taken place and to facilitate the return of those inhabitants who have fled the areas since the outbreak of the hostilities; and recommends to the governments concerned the scrupulous respect of the humanitarian principles governing the treatment of prisoners of war and the protection of civilian persons in time of war, contained in the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949; and requests the Secretary-General to follow the effective implementation of this resolution and to report to the Council.
29. SC Resolution 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967 [Adopted 1382nd meeting -unanimously]
Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles: withdrawal of Israel armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict; and termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force.
Also affirms the necessity for guaranteeing freedom of navigation through international waterways in the area; for achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem; and for guaranteeing the territorial inviolability and political independence of every state in the area through measures including the establishment of demilitarized zones. Requests the Secretary-General to designate a Special Representative to promote agreement and assist efforts to achieve a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the provisions and principles in this resolution.
30. SC Resolution 248 (1968) of 24 March 1968 [Adopted at 1407th meeting - unanimously]
Deplores the loss of life and heavy damage to property; condemns the military action launched by Israel in flagrant violation of the U.N. Charter and the cease-fire resolution; and calls upon Israel to desist from acts or activities in contravention of resolution 237 (1967). (This was an attack against Karameh, Jordan.)
31. SC Resolution 250 (1968) of 27 April 1968 [Adopted at 1417th meeting - unanimously]
Calls upon Israel to refrain from holding the military parade in Jerusalem which is contemplated for 2 May 1968.
32. SC Resolution No. 251 (1968) of 2 May 1968 [Adopted at 1420th meeting - unanimously]
Deeply deplores the holding by Israel of the military parade in Jerusalem on 2 May 1968 in disregard of the unanimous decision adopted by the Council on 27 April 1968.
Deplores the failure of Israel to comply with General Assembly resolutions 2253 (ES-V) and 2254 (ES-V) of 4 and 14 July 1967; considers that all legislative and administrative measures taken by Israel, including the expropriation of land and properties thereon, which tend to change the legal status of Jerusalem are invalid and cannot change the status; and urgently calls upon Israel to rescind all such measures taken and to desist from further actions changing the status of Jerusalem.
Deploring the delay in implementation of resolution 237 (1967) because of the conditions still being set by Israel for receiving a Special Representative of the Secretary-General; requests the Secretary-General to urgently dispatch a Special Representative to the Arab territories under military occupation by Israel following the hostilities of 5 June 1967 and to report on the implementation of resolution 237 (1967). Requests the government of Israel to receive the Special Representative, to cooperate with him and to facilitate his work.
35. SC Resolution 267 (1969) of 3 July 1969 [Adopted at 1485th meeting - unanimously]
Reaffirming the established principle that the acquisition of territory by military conquest is inadmissible, deplores the failure of Israel to show any regard for the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council; censures in the strongest terms all measures taken to change the status of the city of Jerusalem; and urgently calls once more on Israel to rescind all measures taken by it to change the status of Jerusalem and in the future to refrain from all actions likely to have such an effect. Determines that in the event of a negative response or no response from Israel, the Security Council shall reconvene without delay to consider what further action should be taken in this matter.
Grieved at the extensive damage caused by arson to the Holy Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem on 21 August 1969 under the military occupation of Israel, recognizes that any act of destruction or profanation of the Holy Places, religious buildings and sites in Jerusalem or any encouragement of, or connivance at, any such act may seriously endanger international peace and security; and calls upon Israel to scrupulously observe the provisions of the Geneva Conventions and international law governing military occupation and to refrain from causing any hindrance to the discharge of the established functions of the Supreme Moslem Council of Jerusalem; condemns failure of Israel to comply with aforementioned resolutions.
37. SC Resolution 298 (1971) of 25 September 1971 [Adopted at 1582nd meeting (14-0-1)(1 abstention was Syria)]
Deplores the failure of Israel to respect previous U.N. resolutions concerning measures and actions by Israel purporting to affect the status of the city of Jerusalem; confirms that all legislative and administrative actions taken by Israel to change the status of the city of Jerusalem, including expropriation of land and properties, transfer of populations and legislation aimed at the incorporation of the occupied section are totally invalid and cannot change that status. Urgently calls upon Israel to rescind all such measures and actions and to take no further steps in the occupied section of Jerusalem which may purport to change the status of the city or which would prejudice the rights of the inhabitants and the interests of the international community, or a just and lasting peace.
38. SC Resolution 331 (1973) of 20 April 1973 [Adopted at 1710th meeting - unanimously]
Requests the Secretary-General to submit a comprehensive report on the efforts undertaken by the U.N. pertaining to the situation in the Middle East since June 1967 and to invite Ambassador Gunnar Jarring, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, to be available during the Council's meetings.
39. SC Resolution 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973 [Adopted at 1747th meeting-unanimously]
Calls for an immediate cease-fire and termination of all military activity; calls upon the parties concerned to start immediately after the cease-fire the implementation of Security Council resolution 242 (1967) in all of its parts; and decides that immediately and concurrently with the cease-fire, negotiations start between the parties concerned under appropriate auspices aimed at establishing a just and durable peace in the Middle East.
Refers to resolution 338 (1973); confirms its decision on immediate cessation of all military actions; and requests the Secretary-General to take measures for immediate dispatch of U.N. observers to supervise observance of the cease-fire.
Noting that a Peace Conference for the implementation of resolution 242 (1967) is to begin shortly in Geneva under the auspices of the United Nations, expresses the hope that the Peace Conference will make speedy progress towards the establishment of a just and durable peace in the Middle East; expresses its confidence that the Secretary-General will play a full and effective role at the Conference; and requests the Secretary-General to provide all necessary assistance and facilities for the work of the Conference.
Expressing concern over the continued state of tension in the area, decides to reconvene on 12 January 1976 to continue the debate on the Middle East problem including the Palestinian question, taking into account all relevant U.N. resolutions.
Calls for the strict respect for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized boundaries; calls upon Israel immediately to cease its military action against Lebanese territorial integrity and withdraw forthwith its forces from all Lebanese territory; and decides to establish immediately under its authority a United Nations Interim Force in Southern Lebanon (UNIFIL).
Determines that the policy and practices of Israel in establishing settlements in the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967 have no legal validity and constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East; calls once more upon Israel, as the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention, to rescind its previous measures and to desist from taking any action which would result in changing the legal status and geographical nature and materially affecting the demographic composition of the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, and in particular, not to transfer parts of its own civilian population into the occupied Arab territories. Establishes a Commission consisting of three members of the Security Council to examine the situation relating to settlements and requests the Commission to submit a report to the Security Council.
Considering that the policy of Israel in establishing settlements in the occupied Arab territories has no legal validity and constitutes a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949, accepts the recommendations contained in the report of the Commission; calls upon the government and people of Israel to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem; and requests the Commission, in view of the magnitude of the problem of settlements, to keep under close survey the implementation of the present resolution and to report back to the Security Council.
46. SC Resolution 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980 [Adopted at 2203rd meeting - unanimously]
Accepts the conclusions and recommendations contained in the report of the Commission of the Security Council (on settlements); determines that all measures taken by Israel to change the physical character, composition, institutional structure or status of the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, or any part thereof, have no legal validity and that Israel's policy and practices of settling parts of its population and new immigrants in those territories constitute a flagrant violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention and also constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.
Strongly deplores the continuation and persistence of Israel in pursuing those policies and practices and calls upon the government and people of Israel to rescind those measures, to dismantle the existing settlements and in particular to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem. Calls upon all States not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connection with settlements in the occupied territories; and requests the Commission to continue examining the situation relating to settlements, to investigate the reported serious depletion of natural resources, particularly water, with a view to ensuring protection of those important natural resources of the territories under occupation.
Recalling the Geneva Convention of 1949 and expressing deep concern at the expulsion by the Israeli military occupation authorities of the Mayors of Hebron and Halhoul and of the Sharia Judge of Hebron, calls upon Israel as occupying Power to rescind these illegal measures and to facilitate the immediate return of the expelled Palestinian leaders; and requests the Secretary-General t report upon the implementation of this resolution.
Recalling the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, in particular articles 1 and 49, strongly deplores the failure of Israel to implement resolution 468 (1968); and calls again upon the Government of Israel, as occupying Power, to rescind the illegal measures taken by the Israeli military occupation authorities in expelling the Mayors of Hebron and Halhoul and the Sharia Judge of Hebron.
Expressing deep concern that the Jewish settlers in the occupied Arab territories are allowed to carry arms thus enabling them to perpetrate crimes against the civilian population, calls for the immediate apprehension and prosecution of the perpetrators of these crimes and condemns the assassination attempts on the lives of the Mayors of Nablus, Ramallah and Al-Bireh. Expresses deep concern that Israel, as occupying Power, has failed to provide adequate protection to the civilian population in the occupied territories in conformity with the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention; calls again upon the Government of Israel to respect and comply with the provisions of the Convention as well as with the resolutions of the Council, calls once again upon all States not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connection with settlements in the occupied territories; and reaffirms the overriding necessity to end the prolonged occupation of Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem.
Reaffirms the overriding necessity to end the prolonged occupation of Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem; strongly deplores the continued refusal of Israel, the occupying Power, to comply with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly; reiterates that all measures taken by Israel which have altered the geographic, demographic and historical character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council; reaffirms that all such measures and actions constitute a flagrant violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention; and reaffirms its determination in the event of non-compliance by Israel to examine practical ways and means in accordance with relevant provisions of the U.N. Charter to secure full implementation of this resolution.
Censures in the strongest terms the enactment by Israel of the "basic law" on Jerusalem and the refusal to comply with relevant Security Council resolutions; affirms that the enactment of the "basic law" by Israel constitutes a violation of international law and does not affect the continued application of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 in the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since June 1967, including Jerusalem; determines that all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which have altered or purport to alter the character and the status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, and in particular, the recent "basic law" on Jerusalem, are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith. Decides not to recognize the "basic law" and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law, seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem; calls upon all members of the United Nations (a) to accept this decision, (b) and upon those States that have established diplomatic Missions in Jerusalem to withdraw such Missions from the Holy City; and requests the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of this resolution before 15 November 1980.
52. SC Resolution 484 (1980) of 19 December 1980 [Adopted 2260th meeting-unanimously]
Expressing grave concern at the expulsion by Israel of the Mayor of Hebron and the Mayor of Halhoul; calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to adhere to the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention; and declares it imperative that they be enabled to return to their homes and resume their responsibilities.
Decides to call an emergency special session of the General Assembly to examine the situation in the occupied Arab territories due to the lack of unanimity among the permanent members of the Council, preventing it from exercising its primary responsibility for maintenance of international peace and security. (The meeting of the Council basically dealt with the emergency special session, as well as with the Syrian Golan occupied by Israel since 1967.)
Calls upon the parties to the conflict to cease immediately and simultaneously all military activities within Lebanon and across the Lebanese-Israeli border; and requests all Member States which are in a position to do so to bring their influence to bear upon those concerned so that the cessation of hostilities declared by Security Council resolution 490 (1981) can be respected. (Beginning of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.)
Demands that Israel withdraw all its military forces forthwith and unconditionally to the internationally recognized boundaries of Lebanon and demands that all parties observe strictly the terms of paragraph 1 of resolution 508 (1982).
56. SC Resolution 512 (1982) of 19 June 1982 [Adopted at 2380th meeting unanimously]
Expressing deep concern at the suffering of the Lebanese and Palestinian civilian populations, calls upon all the parties to the conflict to respect the rights of the civilian populations, to refrain from all acts of violence against those populations and to take all appropriate measures to alleviate the suffering caused by the conflict; stresses the particular humanitarian responsibilities of the U.N. and its agencies, including the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), towards civilian populations; and calls upon all the parties to the conflict not to hamper the exercise of those responsibilities and to assist in humanitarian efforts.
Expressing alarm at the continued sufferings of the Lebanese and Palestinian civilian populations in southern Lebanon and in west Beirut, calls for respect for the rights of the civilian populations without any discrimination and repudiates all acts of violence against those populations; and calls further for the restoration of the normal supply of vital facilities such as water, electricity, food and medical provisions, particularly in Beirut.
Demands that the government of Israel lift immediately the blockade of the city of Beirut in order to permit the dispatch of supplies to meet the urgent needs of the civilian population.
Confirms its previous resolutions and authorizes the Secretary-General to deploy immediately, on the request of the Government of Lebanon, U.N. observers to monitor the situation in and around Beirut.
Confirms once again its demand for an immediate cease-fire and withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon; censures Israel for its failure to comply with the above resolutions; takes note of the decision of the Palestine Liberation Organization to move the Palestinian armed forces from Beirut and authorizes the Secretary-General to increase the number of U.N. observers in and around Beirut.
61. SC Resolution 518 (1982) of 12 August 1982 [Adopted at 2392nd meeting unanimously]
Demands that Israel and all parties to the conflict observe strictly the terms of Security Council resolutions relevant to the immediate cessation of all military activities within Lebanon and, particularly, in and around Beirut; demands the immediate lifting of all restrictions on the city of Beirut in order to permit the free entry of supplies to meet the urgent needs of the civilian population in Beirut; requests the U.N. observers in, and in the vicinity of, Beirut to report on the situation; and demands that Israel cooperate fully in the effort to secure the effective deployment of the U.N. observers.
Condemns the recent Israeli incursions into Beirut in violation of the cease-fire agreements and of Security Council resolutions; and demands an immediate return to the positions occupied by Israel before 15 September 1982, as a first step towards the full implementation of Security Council resolutions.
63. SC Resolution 521 (1982) of 19 September 1982 [Adopted 2396th meeting-unanimously]
Condemns the criminal massacre of Palestinian civilians in Beirut; reaffirms its resolutions 512 (1982) and 513 (1982), which call for respect for the rights of the civilian populations without any discrimination, and repudiates all acts of violence against those populations; and requests the Secretary-General, as a matter of urgency, to initiate appropriate consultations and, in particular, consultations with the Government of Lebanon on additional steps which the Security Council might take, including the possible deployment of United Nations forces, to assist that government in ensuring full protection for the civilian populations in and around Beirut. (Massacre of Sabra and Shattilla refugee camps while eastern Beirut was under Israeli military occupation.)
Condemns vigorously the act of armed aggression perpetrated by Israel against Tunisian territory in flagrant violation of the U.N. Charter, international law and norms of conduct; and demands that Israel refrain from perpetrating such acts of aggression or from threatening to do so. (Israeli raid against PLO Headquarters in Hammam Al-Shut)
Strongly deplores the opening of fire by the Israeli army resulting in the death and the wounding of defenseless students at Bir Zeit University; calls upon Israel to abide immediately and scrupulously by the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949; and further calls upon Israel to release any person or persons detained as a result of the recent events at Bir Zeit University.
Taking into account the need to consider measures for the impartial protection of the Palestinian civilian population under Israeli occupation, strongly deplores those policies and practices of Israel, the occupying Power, which violate the human rights of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories, particularly the opening of fire by the Israeli army, resulting in the killing and wounding of defenseless Palestinian civilians; and calls once again upon Israel, the occupying Power, to abide immediately and scrupulously by the Fourth Geneva Convention. Requests the Secretary-General to examine the present situation in the occupied territories by all means available to him and to submit a report no later than 20 January 1988 containing his recommendations on ways and means for ensuring the safety and protection of the Palestinian civilians under Israeli occupation.
67. SC Resolution 607 (1988) of 5 January 1988 [Adopted at 2780th meeting - unanimously]
Having been apprised of the decision of Israel, the occupying Power, to "continue the deportation" of Palestinian civilians in the occupied territories, calls upon Israel to refrain from deporting any Palestinian civilians from the occupied territories; and strongly requests it to abide by its obligations arising from the Fourth Geneva Convention.
68. SC Resolution 608 (1988) of 14 January 1988 [Adopted at 2781st meeting (14-0-1) (Abstention was U.S.)]
Reaffirming resolution 607 (1988) of 5 January 1988, deeply regrets that Israel, the occupying Power, in defiance of U.N. resolutions, has deported Palestinian civilians; and calls upon Israel to rescind the orders and to desist from forthwith deporting any other Palestinian civilians from the occupied territories.
Having noted with concern that the aggression perpetrated on 16 April 1988 in the locality of Sidi Bou Said (Tunisia) has caused loss of human life, particularly the assassination of Mr. Khalil Al-Wazir, condemns vigorously the aggression perpetrated against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Tunisia in flagrant violation of the U.N. Charter; and urges Member States to take measures to prevent such acts against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all States. (Al-Wazir (Abu-Jihad) was the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Palestine Liberation Organization.)
Deeply regrets the continuing deportation by Israel, the occupying Power, of Palestinian civilians; calls upon Israel to ensure the safe and immediate return to the occupied Palestinian territories of those deported and to desist forthwith from deporting any other Palestinian civilians; and reaffirms that the Fourth Geneva Convention is applicable to the Palestinian territories, occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem, and to the other occupied Arab territories.
Deplores Israel's continuing deportation of Palestinian civilians; calls upon Israel to ensure the safe and immediate return to the occupied Palestinian territories of those deported and to desist forthwith from deporting any other Palestinian civilians; and reaffirms that the Fourth Geneva Convention is applicable to the Palestinian territories, occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem, and to the other occupied Arab territories.
72. SC Resolution 672 (1990) of 12 October 1990 [Adopted at 2948th meeting-unanimously]
Reaffirming that a just and lasting solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict must be based on its resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973) through an active negotiating process which takes into account the right to security for all States in the region, including Israel, as well as the legitimate political rights of the Palestinian people; expresses alarm at the violence which took place on 8 October at Al-Haram Al-Sharif and other Holy Places of Jerusalem, resulting in over twenty Palestinian deaths and the injury of more than one hundred and fifty people, including Palestinian civilians and innocent worshippers. Condemns especially the acts of violence committed by the Israeli security forces, resulting in injuries and loss of human life; calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention, which is applicable to all the territories occupied since 1967; and requests, in connection with the decision of the Secretary-General to send a mission to the region, that he submit a report to the Council, before the end of October 1990, containing his findings and conclusions.
73. SC Resolution 673 (1990) of 24 October 1990 [Adopted at 2949th meeting-unanimously]
Deplores the refusal of the Israeli Government to receive the mission of the Secretary-General to the region in violation of resolution 672 (1990); urges the government to reconsider its decision and insists that it comply fully with resolution 672 (1990); and requests the Secretary-General to submit the report requested in that resolution.
74. SC Resolution 681 (1990) of 20 December 1990 [Adopted at 2970th meeting -unanimously]
Having received the report of the Secretary-General on ways and means of ensuring the safety and protection of the Palestinian civilians under Israeli occupation, and taking into consideration the statement by the President of the Council on 20 December 1990*; deplores the decision by the Government of Israel, the occupying Power, to resume the deportation of Palestinian civilians in the occupied territories; urges the Government of Israel to accept the de jure applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to all the territories occupied by Israel since 1967 and to abide scrupulously by the provisions of the Convention; and calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the said Convention to ensure respect by Israel, the occupying Power, for its obligations under the Convention in accordance with article 1 thereof.
Requests the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to develop further the idea of convening a meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the said Convention to discuss possible measures that might be taken by them under the Convention; also requests the Secretary-General to monitor and observe the situation regarding Palestinian civilians under Israeli occupation and to utilize and designate or draw upon the U.N. and other personnel and resources present there, in the area and elsewhere, needed to accomplish this task; and requests the Secretary-General to submit a first progress report to the Council by the first week of March 1991 and to report every four months thereafter.
* (At the resumed 2970th meeting, on 20 December 1990, prior to the adoption of resolution 681 (1990), the President of the Council made the following statement on behalf of the members of the Security Council: "The members of the Security Council reaffirm their determination to support an active negotiating process in which all relevant parties would participate leading to a comprehensive, just and lasting peace to the Arab-Israeli conflict through negotiations which should be based on resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973) of the Security Council and which should take into account the right to security of all States in the region, including Israel, and the legitimate political rights of the Palestinian people. In this context they agree that an international conference, at an appropriate time, properly structured, should facilitate efforts to achieve a negotiated settlement and lasting peace in the Arab-Israeli conflict. However, the members of the Council are of the view that there is not unanimity as to when would be the appropriate time for such a conference. In the view of the members of the Council, the Arab-Israeli conflict is important and unique and must be addressed independently, on its own merits.")
75. SC Resolution 694 (1991) of 24 May 1991 [Adopted at 2989th meeting - unanimously]
Declares that the action of the Israeli authorities of deporting four Palestinians on 18 May is in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention, which is applicable to all the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem; and deplores this action and reiterates that Israel refrain from deporting any Palestinian civilian from the occupied territories and ensure the safe and immediate return of all those deported.
76. SC Resolution 726 (1992) of 6 January 1992 [Adopted at 3026th meeting - unanimously]
Strongly condemns the decision of Israel, the occupying Power, to resume deportation of Palestinian civilians; reaffirms the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 to all the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem; and requests Israel to ensure the safe and immediate return of all those deported.
77. SC Resolution 799 (1992) of 18 December 1992 [Adopted at 3151st meeting-unanimously]
Strongly condemns the action taken by Israel, the occupying Power, to deport hundreds of Palestinian civilians (on 17 December 1992); expresses its firm opposition to any such deportations by Israel; reaffirms the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to all the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem, and affirms that deportation of civilians constitutes a contravention of its obligations under the Convention; and demands that Israel ensure the safe and immediate return to the occupied territories of all those deported.
78. SC Resolution 904 (1994) of 18 March 1994 [Adopted at 3351st meeting unanimously (Draft
was voted on in parts, with the U.S. abstaining on two preambular paragraphs. No vote was taken on the text as a whole.)]
Reaffirming its relevant resolutions, which affirmed the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 to the territories occupied by Israel in June 1967, including Jerusalem, and the Israeli responsibilities thereunder, strongly condemns the massacre in Hebron committed against Palestinian worshippers in Al-Ibrahimi Mosque, on 25 February 1994, during the holy month of Ramadan, and its aftermath which took the lives of more than 50 Palestinian civilians and injured several hundred others. Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to continue to take and implement measures, including, inter alia, confiscation of arms, with the aim of preventing illegal acts of violence by Israeli settlers; and calls for measures to be taken to guarantee the safety and protection of the Palestinian civilians throughout the occupied territory, including, inter alia, a temporary international or foreign presence, which was provided for in the Declaration of Principles, within the context of the ongoing peace process.
Requests the cosponsors of the peace process, the United States of America and the Russian Federation, to continue their efforts to invigorate the peace process, and to undertake the necessary support for the implementation of the above-mentioned measures; and reaffirms its support for the peace process currently underway, and calls for the implementation of the Declaration of Principles, signed by the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization on 13 September 1993 in Washington, D.C., without delay.
Having considered the letter dated 26 September 1996 from the representative of Saudi Arabia on behalf of the States Members of the League of Arab States that referred to the action by the Government of Israel to open an entrance to a tunnel in the vicinity of Al-Aqsa Mosque and its consequent results; expressing its deep concern about the tragic events in Jerusalem and the areas of Nablus, Ramallah, Bethlehem and the Gaza Strip, which resulted in a high number of deaths and injuries among the Palestinian civilians, and concerned also about the clashes between the Israeli army and the Palestinian police and the casualties on both sides; calls for the immediate cessation and reversal of all acts which have resulted in the aggravation of the situation and which have negative implications for the Middle East peace process; calls for the safety and protection of Palestinian civilians to be ensured; and calls for the immediate resumption of negotiations within the Middle East peace process on its agreed basis and the timely implementation of the agreements reached. (The draft resolution was issued officially as a presidential text, which normally indicates unanimity prior to the vote.)
Deeply concerned by the tragic events that have taken place since 28 September 2000, that have led to numerous deaths and injuries, mostly among Palestinians. Reaffirming that a just and lasting solution to the Arab and Israeli conflict must be based on its resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967 and 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973, through an active negotiating process.
Deplores the provocation carried out at Al-Haram Al-Sharif in Jerusalem on 28 September 2000, and the subsequent violence there and at other Holy Places, as well as in other areas throughout the territories occupied by Israel since 1968, resulting in over 80 Palestinian deaths and many other casualties. Condemns acts of violence, especially the excessive use of force against Palestinians, resulting in injury and loss of human life. Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and its responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949. Calls for the immediate cessation of violence, and for all necessary steps to be taken to ensure that violence ceases, that new provocative actions are avoided, and that the situation returns to normality in a way which promotes the prospects for the Middle East peace process. Stresses the importance of establishing a mechanism for a speedy and objective inquiry into the tragic events of the last few days with the aim of preventing their repetition.
Recalling all its previous resolutions, in particular resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973).
Affirming a vision of a region where two States, Israel and Palestine, live side by side within secure and recognized borders.
Expressing its grave concern at the continuation of the tragic and violent events that have taken place since September 2000, especially the recent attacks and the increased number of casualties. Stressing the need for all concerned to ensure the safety of civilians. Stressing also the need to respect the universally accepted norms of international humanitarian law. Demands immediate cessation of all acts of violence, including all acts of terror, provocation, incitement and destruction. Calls upon the Israeli and Palestinian sides and their leaders to cooperate in the implementation of the Tenet work plan and Mitchell Report recommendations with the aim of resuming negotiations on a political settlement.
Expresses support for the efforts of the Secretary-General and others to assist the parties and to halt the violence and to resume the peace process.